Benefits And Types Of Physical Therapy
Dependant on the reason for undergoing treatment, physical therapy can offer many benefits that include:
- Pain management with a lesser need for opioids.
- Avoiding surgery.
- Enhanced movement and mobility.
- Recovery from trauma or injury.
- Assisting with speech-related issues.
- Recovery from paralysis or stroke.
- Fall prevention.
- Better balance.
- Managing of age-related medical problems.
- Recovering from sports-related injuries.
Types Of Physical Therapy
Different therapies can be applied to treat various conditions.
Orthopedic physical therapy focuses on the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries concerning fascias, muscles, bones, ligaments, and tendons. It is usually applied for conditions such as sprains, bursitis, fractures, tendonitis, and chronic medical issues as well as rehabilitation after orthopedic surgery. Patients may undergo mobility training, joint mobilizations, strength training, manual therapy, and more.
Geriatric physical therapy involves the treatment of older patients who developed conditions that affect their physical function and mobility like arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, incontinence, hip replacements, balance disorders, and osteoporosis. Treatment entails the restoration of mobility, increasing fitness levels as well as reducing pain.
Neurological physical treatment assists people with neurological conditions like brain injury, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s, cerebral palsy, stroke, and spinal cord injury. Treatment is aimed at increasing limb responsiveness, reducing muscle atrophy and treating paralysis.
4. Speech-Related Therapy
Pediatric and Adult speech therapy entails the evaluation and treatment of speech impairments in thinking, remembering, communicating, feeding as well as swallowing. Speech therapists have multi-level skills and use evidence-based therapeutic techniques.
5. Cardiovascular And Pulmonary
Pulmonary and cardiovascular rehabilitation is beneficial to individuals who are affected by surgical procedures and cardiopulmonary conditions. Treatment can assist with boosting physical stamina and endurance.
Pediatric physical therapy is used for diagnosing, treating, and managing conditions that affect children, infants, and adolescent. This includes development delays, spina bifida, cerebral palsy, torticollis, and other conditions relating to the musculoskeletal system.
7. Wound Care
Wound care therapy is aimed at ensuring that a healing wound received enough oxygen and blood with improved circulation. Physical therapy may involve electric stimulation, manual therapy, compression therapy, and wound care.
8. Vestibular Therapy
Treatment of balance problems as a result of inner ear conditions. This therapy involves exercises and manual techniques to assist patients with regaining coordination and balance.
9. Decongestive Therapy
Assisting with drainage of accumulated fluid in patients who suffer from lymphedema and other associated conditions.
10. Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation
Treating of fecal and urinary incontinence in men and women as a result of surgery, injury, or particular conditions.
Apart From Physical Treatment, Physical Treatment May Also Include:
- Ultrasound – promoting blood flow and healing of tendons, muscles, and tissues.
- Phonophoresis – where ultrasound is used for delivering certain medications like topical steroids, decreasing inflammation.
- Electrical stimulation – the utilization of topical electrodes on your skin for reducing pain and increasing functional abilities. Sometimes anti-inflammatory drugs are used in conjunction with electrical stimulation and are called iontophoresis.
- Cold, moist, and heat therapy.
- Light therapy where special lasers and lights are utilized for treatment